Dr. Richard C. Senelick recommends the following:
1. Make sure your home is well lit. Install night lights where appropriate, even in places you walk infrequently (you never know). Check with an electrician to see if you can install stronger bulbs in your regular home fixtures. Carry a pocket flashlight with you, which is especially handy to have getting from your car to inside.
2. Declutter your home. Asses the edges of your area rugs, runners, and mats. Make sure you have enough room to navigate around furniture. Tuck extension cords and wires securely out of the way. Keep clutter off the stairs, and make sure your handrails are sturdy.
3. Think about side affects from your medicines. Blood pressure medicine can cause dizziness when you stand, creating a perfect chance for falling. Other medications can also make you dizzy and weak feeling. Address this concern with your doctor or pharmacist.
4. Check the safety of your bathroom. The bathroom can be the most dangerous room in your house, so take plenty of precautions. Think about installing grab bars by the toilet and shower. Consider putting a stool in your shower, and another outside of it to sit on when drying off. Your safety is more important than your pride.
5. Reorganize your storage. Put things you use on a regular basis within easy reach. Having to climb stools is unnecessarily risky.
Read Dr. Senelick’s full article here: Aging & Injury: 5 Ways to Avoid Falls at Home.